There are four different parenting philosophies: Effective Parenting, Regulatory Parenting
Allowable Parenting and Careless Parenting. Careless parenting has been divided into 2 types
- The term “demandingness” describes the way of parents regulating or demanding their according to children’s behaviour or maturity.
- Responsiveness is the degree to which parents accept and are sensitive to the emotional and developmental needs of their children.
To gain more idea about parenting read on the blog further.
1.Effective Parenting(High level of demand and responsiveness.)
Authoritative parents are caring and understanding while also having high standards for maturity and success. Through open communication, guidance, and logical justification, these parents set rules and preserve boundaries.
These parents explain and defend their children’s actions to others. Children gain consciousness through explanations and learn about morality, values, and goals.They employ confrontational punishment, which is reasonable, negotiable, goal-oriented, and centred on behaviour modification rather than compulsion.
Parents in charge are supportive and loving. They value autonomy, encourage independence, and allow their children lots of freedom.It is also possible to communicate in both directions. This approach to parenting is also referred to as democratic parenting. Parents in positions of leadership value their kids.
2. Regulatory Parenting (High Demand and Low response)
The two traits of the authoritarian style are high levels of parental control and low levels of parental response. Although authoritative parenting and authoritarian parenting have similar titles, they differ significantly in their expectations of and methods for parenting children.
High standards are required by both parenting styles, but authoritarian parents demand unquestioned conformity by using arguments like “because I said so.” They only allow one-way contact by enforcing strict rules and directions.Through stringent guidelines and instructions, they only permit one-way contact. They perceive any attempts to reason with them as backtalk.
A disciplinary parent is an authoritarian. To maintain behavioural control, they frequently use harsh punishments including corporal punishment and strict discipline. Their disciplinary methods are coercive 5, which means they are arbitrary, authoritarian, overbearing, and interested in establishing status differences.
3. Allowable Parenting (Indulgent Or Lenient Parenting)
Demands low and Responds highly
Parents who are permissive also referred to as passive parents, set few parental norms and boundaries and are hesitant to enforce them.
These overly indulgent parents do not relish declining their children’s requests or disappointing them. They parent in a passive manner. They use a passive parenting style.
4. Uninvolved Or Disengaged Parenting
Parents who are negligent do not establish clear limits or high expectations. They don’t care about their kids’ life and don’t understand what they need. It’s possible that these absent parents themselves experienced depression, physical abuse, or neglect as youngsters.
There is no such definitive parenting style that one can suggest to any parent. Yet among the four practices, the best-considered parenting is authoritative parenting. This brings the best outcomes for children. According to various surveys, reports, and facts, it is seen that results are driven by each parenting style. However, there are still contradictions and exceptions. There are a few external factors that affect parenting styles. Let’s have a look at them briefly.
Differences in Culture and Ethnicity
According to surveys, families from different socioeconomic and racial backgrounds (such as Asian, Black, and Hispanic) don’t necessarily achieve the highest levels of academic success when using an authoritative style (e.g. income level, parental education, number of active parents) For instance, researchers discovered in one study that African-American adolescents who had authoritarian parents but no peer support did not perform academically at their best.
According to certain research, Asian-American students did best in school when they had strict parents and peer support. According to a Spanish study, both permissive and strict parenting methods were linked to successful results.
Temperament Of a Child
The choices and results that parents make can also be influenced by how their children behave. For instance, parents may choose a more authoritarian parenting style because they feel that their sensitive children are challenging.
According to a study, several features of a child’s behaviour, such as sociability and aggression, are more closely tied to the temperament of the child than to the parenting style of their parents.
It appears that other factors than parenting style also influence a child’s outcomes. Additionally, variations in a child’s temperament and social situation can be important.
However, it is important to keep in mind that not all of these study outcomes have been successfully replicated by other researchers despite being widely reported.
Additionally, these outcomes do not hold true for other categories of outcomes, such behaviour or mental health.
At the end, parenting styles, ethnicity and cultural differences are going to happen. If parents want to handle their children and have good terms with them they have to be lenient, understanding and open to talk about their issues rather than blaming them as the soul culprit. It is crucial to guide them in towards the right path by inculcating the right method of parenting and vis a vis children also should cooperate with parents while they try to understand the new trends in parenting. It is a two way channel. World better when both contribute.